Publications

Scientific publications

Breckwoldt, A., Dombal, Y., Sabinot, C., Gilbert, D., Riera, L., Ferse, S. and Fache, E. 2022. A social-ecological engagement with reef passages in New Caledonia – connectors between coastal and oceanic spaces and species. Ambio (Special Section, Oceania: A Sea of Connections). DOI: 10.1007/s13280-022-01762-8

Breckwoldt, A., Nozik, A., Moosdorf, N., Bierwirth, J., Fache, E., Ferse, S., Ford, A., Mangubhai, S., Pelletier, D. and Piovano, S. 2022. A typology for reef passages. Frontiers in Marine Science 9:786125. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2022.786125

Breckwoldt, A., Lopes, P., Selim, S. 2021. Look who‘s asking: Reflections on participatory and transdisciplinary marine research approaches. Frontiers in Marine Sciences 8: 627502. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2021.627502

Breckwoldt, A., B.M.W. Ratter, W.-C. Wang. 2018. Editorial: Fishing for human perceptions in coastal and island marine resource use systems. Editorial, Frontiers in Marine Sciences 5: 62 (Marine Conservation and Sustainability). DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00062.

Fache, E. 2020. Regard anthropologique sur les réserves marines du Pacifique Sud : Les ‘tabu areas’ fidjiennes comme pratiques hybrides ? In: Y. Bouvet & K. Page-Jones (eds), Discours sur la mer : Résistance des pratiques et des représentations, 117-134, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes.

Fache, E. and A. Breckwoldt. 2018. Small-scale managed marine areas over time: developments and challenges in a local Fijian reef fishery. Journal of Environmental Management 220: 253–265. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.05.029.

Fache, E. and A. Breckwoldt. 2019. Introduction to research project SOCPacific – A Sea of Connections: An interdisciplinary, multi-level and multi-stakeholder study of South Pacific fisheries. Pacific Geographies 51: 16-21. DOI: 10.23791/511621.

Fache, E. and H. Fair. 2020. Turning away from wicked ways: Christian climate change politics in the Pacific Island region. Anthropological Forum 30(3): 233-253. DOI: 10.1080/00664677.2020.1811953.

Fache, E., J. Kon Kam King, L. Riera and A. Breckwoldt. 2022. A Sea of Connections: Reflections on Connectivity from/in Oceania. Ambio (Special Section ‘Oceania: A Sea of Connections’), DOI: 10.1007/s13280-022-01789-x.

Fache, E., P.-Y. Le Meur and E. Rodary. 2021. Introduction: The New Scramble for the Pacific: A Frontier ApproachPacific Affairs 94(1): 57-75. DOI: 10.5509/202194157.

Fache, E. and S. Pauwels. 2020. Tackling coastal ‘overfishing’ in Fiji: Advocating for indigenous worldview, knowledge and values to be the backbone of fisheries management strategies. Maritime Studies 19: 41-52. DOI: 10.1007/s40152-020-00162-6.

Fache, E. and S. Pauwels. 2022. The ridge-to-reef approach on Cicia Island, Fiji. Ambio (Special Section, Oceania: A Sea of Connections). DOI: 10.1007/s13280-021-01669-w.

Fache, E., S. Piovano, A. Soderberg, M. Tuiono, L. Riera, G. David, M. Kowasch, S. Pauwels, A. Breckwoldt, S.M. Carrière and C. Sabinot. 2022. “Draw the sea…”: Children’s representations of ocean connectivity in Fiji and New Caledonia. Ambio (Special Section, Oceania: A Sea of Connections). DOI: 10.1007/s13280-022-01777-1

Fache, E., C. Sabinot, S. Pauwels, L. Riera, A. Breckwoldt, G. David, U. Matairakula, and S.M. Carrière, 2022. Encouraging Drawing in Research with Children on Marine Environments: Methodological and Epistemological Considerations. Human Ecology, DOI: 10.1007/s10745-022-00332-6

Glaser, M., A. Breckwoldt, T. Carruthers, S. Costanzo, D.L. Forbes, H. Kelsey, R. Ramachandran, S. Stead. 2018. Towards a Framework to Support Coastal Change Governance in Small Islands. Environmental Conservation, SI: Humans in the Island Environment. DOI: 10.1017/S0376892918000164.

Harding, S., K. Marama, A. Breckwoldt, U. Matairakula, and E. Fache. 2022. Marine resources and their value in Kadavu, Fiji. Ambio (Special Section Oceania: A Sea of Connections’), DOI: 10.1007/s13280-022-01794-0

Karcher, D.B., E. Fache, A. Breckwoldt, H. Govan, X.E.E. Ilosvay, J. Kon Kam King, L. Riera and C. Sabinot. 2020. Trends in South Pacific fisheries management. Marine Policy 118: 104021. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104021.

Kitolelei, S., Thaman, R., Veitayaki, J., Breckwoldt, A. and S. Piovano 2021. Na Vuku Makawa ni Qoli: Indigenous Fishing Knowledge (IFK) in Fiji and the Pacific. Frontiers in Marine Sciences 8: 967. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2021.684303

Kon Kam King, J. and N. Legroux 2022. En quête de la haute mer – Regards croisés sur les possibilités et modalités du travail de terrain à distance. (In Search of High Seas. On the Possibilities and Modalities of Fieldwork at a Distance). Socio-Anthropologie 45: 61-74.

Kon Kam King, J. and L. Riera 2022. The ‘Right Place’ for Sharks in the South Pacific: Marine Spatial Planning in a More-Than-Human Ocean. Planning Practice & Research: 1-18. DOI: 10.1080/02697459.2022.2035918.

Moesinger, A. 2019. Influence of socio-economic stressors on perceptions of climate change on Takuu Atoll, Papua New Guinea. Journal de la Société des Océanistes 149: 224-234. DOI: 10.4000/jso.11312.

Nozik, A., Breckwoldt, A., Becker, R., Fache, E. and Piovano, S. 2022. Typology approach from visual interpretation of satellite imagery for reef passages around 9 South Pacific islands. PANGAEA. DOI: 10.1594/PANGAEA.942568.

Pascht, A. 2019. Klaemet jenj worlds. Approaching climate change and knowledge creation in Vanuatu. Journal de la Société des Océanistes 149: 235-244. DOI: 10.4000/jso.11257.

Veitayaki, J., E. Ledua, A. Nakoro, Hyun Pyo Hong, P. Han, Sein Kim, A. Breckwoldt. 2018. The Future Use of Past Practices – insights from two community-based marine resource management projects in Fiji. Ocean Yearbook 32: 376–406. DOI: 10.1163/9789004367005_015.

Data publications

Nozik, A., A. Breckwoldt, R. Becker, E. Fache, S. Piovano. 2022. Typology approach from visual interpretation of satellite imagery for reef passages around 9 South Pacific islands. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.942568.

Special issues

Breckwoldt, A., W-C. Wang, H. von Storch and B. M. W. Ratter (eds). 2018. Fishing for Human Perceptions in Coastal and Island Marine Resource Use Systems. Lausanne: Frontiers Media. doi: 10.3389/978-2-88945-459-4 (e-book).

Fache, E., P. Dumas and A. de Ramon N’Yeurt (eds). 2019. Journal de la Société des Océanistes 149 – Special Issue “Le Pacifique en première ligne face au changement climatique / The Pacific on the frontlines of climate change”.

Fache, E., H. Fair and W. Kempf (eds). 2020. Anthropological Forum 30(3) – Special Issue “Higher Powers: Negotiating Climate Change, Religion and Future in Oceania”.

Fache, E., P.-Y. Le Meur and E. Rodary (eds). 2021. Pacific Affairs 94(1) Special Section “The New Scramble for the Pacific: A Frontier Approach”.

Theses and internship reports

Riera, Léa. 2022. From Tensions to Integrations: Development and Conservation Coalitions in Fijian Coastal Fisheries Management. PhD thesis, University of Bremen & Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 University.

Abstract: This thesis explores past and current dynamics of coastal fisheries management regimes in Fiji, South Pacific. In particular, it seeks to better understand the evolution of discourses and practices of advocacy coalitions of actors defending the prioritization of either economic development or biodiversity conservation objectives. Going back as far as 1890, it examines how these coalitions have proposed over time to frame, organize and control subsistence and artisanal fishing activities in Fiji, and exposes the progressive and multi-scalar encounter of ‘development’ and ‘conservation’ coalitions. Indeed, in recent years, in the face of growing calls for the sustainable and integrated management of oceans and coasts, this encounter has given a momentum to a new, collaborative, integrated management regime in which coastal fisheries hold a central place.The study relies on a multi-sited ethnography completed by archive and policy reviews, and is based on a conceptual framework fed by political ecology and policy analysis approaches. It brings the concept of ‘hybridity’ into play to understand evolving discourses, practices and power relations in this movement toward the emergence of an ‘integrated’ moment and its plural materializations. In particular, it questions the consequent processes of (re)distribution of roles and responsibilities between state and non-state actors, as well as the growing articulation of their coercive and voluntary approaches in different management regimes. This work demonstrates how management, taken as what Foucault called a regime of practices, is a multifaceted object shaped, adapted or circumvented by actors defending different and fluctuating interests. In the management regimes identified, fisheries have been problematized as a behavioral, techno-scientific or political issue, while fish and fishers have been qualified in diverse ways (e.g. for the former, as holding economic, aesthetic, cultural, nourishing or intrinsic value; and for the latter, as participants to the national economy, guardians of the sea or holders of political claims). However, to participate in the new integrated (and thus hybrid) regime, state and non-state actors must, more than ever before, demonstrate flexibility and mobilize simultaneously developmentalist, environmentalist, and localist discourses and practices. I finally show that, under the promise of a (re)conciliation of conservation and development objectives, processes of negotiation which are constitutive of management are made invisible rather than elucidated. When framed under such win-win discourses, the integrative rhetoric encompasses risks of de-politicizing questions addressing human-nature relations, which are, in many ways, highly political.

Célestin, Justine. 2021. “Oceanscape” & “Seascape”. Master thesis, Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 University.

Abstract: The terms “oceanscape” and “seascape” appear to be increasingly employed in public policies related to marine management and conservation in the South Pacific and in the scientific literature. A literary and bibliographic study allowed me to question their uses and definitions. It reveals that “seascape” appears to have more weight in the academia than “oceanscape”. In addition, the use of “oceanscape” in South Pacific policies appears to be generally in reference to the concept of “Pacific Oceanscape” while the use of “seascape” highlights the land-sea relation in both policies in the region and certain literary works.

Elmira, Clémence. 2020. Revue de la littérature scientifique sur la valeur socioculturelle d’espèces marines dans le cadre du projet SOCPacific. Internship report, AgroParisTech.

Abstract: Within the scope of one of SOCPacific’s thematic areas (social values of places and resources in connection with inshore and offshore fisheries), the team explores the sociocultural value of some marine species in Fiji, New Caledonia and Vanuatu, in particular regarding groupers and trevallies. This internship aimed at carrying out a literature review on this topic. To do so, I conducted a bibliographic search on the Pacific Community (SPC)’s digital library and on Google Scholar in order to list the existing references on the sociocultural value of groupers and trevallies in the three above-mentioned study areas, then to analyze how this value is expressed and how it evolves over time. This study reveals that there are relatively few references on the topic in the two databases, with a strong disequilibrium between the numerous references found about Fiji and the few references found for New Caledonia and Vanuatu. A few documents describe trevallies as totems of specific clans in New Caledonia, or as symbols characterizing some clans in both New Caledonia and Fiji. Groupers briefly appear in myths of origin of Kanak clans in New Caledonia, and are recently connected with “traditions” in awareness campaigns aiming at their protection from overfishing. The study has also analyzed the context in which these (often short) references were found. Among SOCPacific’s other species and elements of interest, no reference to the sociocultural value of sea cucumbers and reef passages was found, whereas I found numerous and detailed references about sharks and turtles. Besides, some references address changes in local customs, partly due to the Western world’s influence, which is crucial to understand the references found. Finally, this report suggests many avenues to complete this preliminary study.

Conference papers

1- Fache E. and S. Pauwels. 2018. Rethinking indigenous / local knowledge and western ecological science combination in Fiji: On the role of social sciences in tackling overfishing. In: ICOMOS Conference “Culture: Conserving it together” (Suva, Fiji, 2-5 October 2018).

2- Fache E. 2018. The end of the age? Entanglement of religion and climate change in Fiji, from local discourses to COP23 and back. In: European Society for Oceanists (ESfO)’s 2018 Conference – Session “Higher powers: Negotiating climate change, religion and spirituality in Oceania” (Cambridge, UK, 7-10 December 2018).

3- Fache E., P.-Y. Le Meur and E. Rodary. 2018. The other side of the maritime frontier in the Pacific. In: European Society for Oceanists (ESfO)’s 2018 Conference – Session “Decolonizing or closing maritime frontiers: Resistance and reappropriation in the Pacific Ocean” (Cambridge, UK, 7-10 December 2018).

4- Rodary E. 2018. The political life of tuna in the Pacific: Speaking for multispecies sovereignty in a time of oceanic rush. In: European Society for Oceanists (ESfO)’s 2018 Conference – Session “Decolonizing or closing maritime frontiers: Resistance and reappropriation in the Pacific Ocean” (Cambridge, UK, 7-10 December 2018).

5- Breckwoldt A. and H. Alff 2019. The relevance of offshore fisheries for coastal marine resource use and management in Fiji. In: Centre for Maritime Research (MARE)’s 10th People & the Sea Conference – Session “Perceptions and values of marine resources and their uses in relation to conservation and management areas, practices and target species” (Amsterdam, Netherlands, 25-28 June 2019).

6- Elias X., D. Karcher, E. Fache and A. Breckwoldt. 2019. Offshore fisheries within the EEZs of Vanuatu, Fiji and New Caledonia. In: Centre for Maritime Research (MARE)’s 10th People & the Sea Conference – Session “Perceptions and values of marine resources and their uses in relation to conservation and management areas, practices and target species” (Amsterdam, Netherlands, 25-28 June 2019).

7- Fache E. 2019. Children’s perceptions and values of the reef and its resources on Gau island, Fiji. In: Centre for Maritime Research (MARE)’s 10th People & the Sea Conference – Session “Perceptions and values of marine resources and their uses in relation to conservation and management areas, practices and target species” (Amsterdam, Netherlands, 25-28 June 2019).

8- Ferse S. and A. Cakacaka. 2019. Characterizing the adaptive capacity of coastal communities faced with changes in marine resource availability and climate change: Case study of Fiji and Solomon Islands. In: Centre for Maritime Research (MARE)’s 10th People & the Sea Conference – Session “Perceptions and values of marine resources and their uses in relation to conservation and management areas, practices and target species” (Amsterdam, Netherlands, 25-28 June 2019).

9- Moesinger A. 2019. Winds of change: Food security and the modification of fishing practices and natural resource use in response to altering weather conditions on Takuu Atoll, PNG. In: Centre for Maritime Research (MARE)’s 10th People & the Sea Conference – Session “Perceptions and values of marine resources and their uses in relation to conservation and management areas, practices and target species” (Amsterdam, Netherlands, 25-28 June 2019).

10- Fache E. and M. Dégremont. 2019. Dynamiques de catégorisation et recompositions de la gouvernance de l’Océan Pacifique : Une approche comparative Fidji / Polynésie française. In: Congrès 2019 de l’AFS (Association Française de Sociologie) – Session “RT 38 – Sociologie de l’environnement et du risque” (Aix-en-Provence, France, 27-30 August 2019).

11- Fache E. and A. Breckwoldt. 2019. Savoirs locaux et valeurs socioculturelles des pêcheries récifales dans le Pacifique Sud: Présentation du projet de recherche SOCPacific. In: MSH-Sud Conference “Vulnérabilités du Patrimoine Récifal” (Montpellier, France, 10-12 December 2019).

12- Kon Kam King J. 2020. Transparency at sea: Practices of knowing and monitoring offshore marine ecosystems. In: ZMT’s First Annual Conference (Bremen, Germany, 14 January 2020).

13- Riera L. 2020. Protected species and fishing bans: The integration of conservation directives into coastal fisheries management in Fiji and in New Caledonia. In: ZMT’s First Annual Conference (Bremen, Germany, 14 January 2020).

14- Riera L. 2020. Formalising community-based fisheries management in Fiji: A common strategy for conservation and fisheries sectors? In: Political Ecology Network Biennial Conference 2020 – Session “Innovations in Conservation Governance” (Online, 22-25 September 2020).

15- Kon Kam King J. and L. Riera. 2021. Baiting Sharks into their ‘Right Place’: Marine Spatial Planning in a More-Than-Human Ocean. In: ZMT Annual Conference 2 (Bremen, Germany, 21 January 2021).

16- Breckwoldt A., A. Nozik and N. Moosdorf. 2021. Reef passages in Fiji and New Caledonia. In: ZMT Annual Conference 2 (Bremen, Germany, 21 January 2021).

17- Naidu P., J. Worl, J. Kon Kam King, C. Cecale, L. Lou, T. De Pree, C. Yount-André, R. Raffaeta and R. Hernandez. 2021. Round-Table “Calculating Futures: The Afterlives of Environmental and Health Monitoring”. In: Society for Applied Anthropology Annual Conference (online, 22-27 March 2021).

18- Kon Kam King J. 2021. Delving into sharks’ lives: Investigating the co-production of sharks knowledge and sharks-humans relations in Fiji and New Caledonia. In: Centre for Maritime Research (MARE)’s 11th People & the Sea Conference – Session “The importance of citizen science for blue growth” (online, 29 June- 2 July 2021).

19- Riera L. 2021. Marine species listing on CITES: A reconciliation of marine conservation and fisheries? In: Centre for Maritime Research (MARE)’s 10th People & the Sea Conference – Session “Perspectives on marine conservation and restoration” (online, 29 June- 2 July 2021).

20 – Breckwoldt A., A. Nozik, N. Moosdorf, J. Bierwirth, E. Fache, A. Ford, S. Ferse, S. Mangubhai, D. Pelletier and S. Piovano. 2021. Developing a typology for reef passages from satellite imagery. In: ECSA 58 & EMECS 13: Estuaries and coastal seas in the Anthropocene, Session 43 ‘Holistic approach to successful and sustainable management’, Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association (ECSA) & Environmental Management of Enclosed Coastal Seas (EMECS) (online, 08 September 2021).

21 – Breckwoldt A., Y. Dombal, C. Sabinot, G. David, L. Riera, S. Ferse and E. Fache. 2022. A social-ecological engagement with reef passages in New Caledonia – connectors between coastal and oceanic spaces and species. In: ZMT Annual Conference 3 (Bremen, Germany, 18 January 2022).

22 – Breckwoldt A. 2022. A Sea of Connections needs to prove itself: adaptive research during the pandemic. Session 2: Adaptive place-based research during the COVID-19 pandemic: Perspectives and praxis. In: ZMT Annual Conference 3 (Bremen, Germany, 18 January 2022).

23 – Fache E. 2022. Continuum terre-mer et gestion ‘ridge-to-reef’ à Fidji, Pacifique Sud. In: Le Très grand cycle de l’eau: Continuum Humain-Terre-Mer (Paris/online, 13 May 2022).

24/28- Various contributions to the Session on Pacific fisheries in a ‘sea of connections’ at the European Society for Oceanists (ESfO) 2022 Conference on ‘Material and Immaterial in Motion’ (Ajaccio, France, 2-5 June 2022):

  • Dombal Y. et al. – A social-ecological engagement with reef passages in New Caledonia – connectors between coastal and oceanic spaces and species
  • Fache E. et al. – Exploring Pacific fisheries through children’s drawings
  • Kon Kam King J. – Fishing for information about tuna fisheries in the South Pacific: Onboard fisheries observers, between science, management and compliance
  • Le Meur P.-Y. et al. – The Forgotten Coast, New Caledonia, between minescape, fishing practices and terraqueous territoriality
  • Sabinot C. et al. – Sense of place and sea cucumber fishery in New Caledonia and Vanuatu

29- Fache E. and A. Pascht. Connexions. In: Pour une Europe des Sciences Humaines et Sociales – 15 ans de recherche franco-allemande (Paris, 14-15 mai 2022).

Seminar/workshop papers

1- Fache E. and A. Breckwoldt. 2020. Overview of SOCPacific. In: PACSEN Kick-off Meeting (Suva, Fiji, 25-27 February 2020).

2- Fache E. and A. Pascht. 2020. A Sea of Connections (SOCPacific): An overview of an interdisciplinary, multi-level and multi-stakeholder study of South Pacific fisheries. In: Climate Change Public Seminar Series – University of the South Pacific – Emalus Campus (Port-Vila, Vanuatu, 4 March 2020).

3-Breckwoldt, A. and Fache, E. 2020. A Sea of Connections (SOCPacific): Contextualizing Fisheries in the South Pacific Region. In: ‘Austausch, Freiwilligendienste und (Forschungs-)Projekte in Ozeanien’, Jahrestagung Pazifik Netzwerk e.V. (Göttingen, Germany, 07. March 2020).

4- Kon Kam King J. 2021. Le « Grand bleu » en transparence: Des dispositifs de surveillance à la production de connaissance sur les pêcheries thonières dans le Pacifique. In: Apér-EAU scientifique (Paris, France, 18 January 2021).

5- Riera L. 2021. Evolution des modes de gestion et de gouvernance des pêches côtières à Fidji : entre développement et conservation. In: Apér-EAU scientifique (online, 9 April 2021).

6- Bierwirth J., E. Fache and A. Breckwoldt. 2021. The SOCPacific Project: Connecting years, places, people & research questions. In: ZMT’s Social Science Department (SSD) Seminar (online, 23 June 2021).

7- Fache E. 2021. Women’s active engagement with the sea through fishing in Fiji. In: Workshop ‘Environments & Socialities in Oceania: Practices of Transformation & Cooperation’ (online, 25 June 2021).

8- Célestin J. 2021. Oceanscapes & Seascapes. In: Séminaire SENS (online, 17 December 2021).

9- Fache E. 2022. Nouvelle ruée vers l’Océan Pacifique: Frontières, accaparements, communs. In: Séminaire Environnement & Relations internationales – Sciences Po-CERI (Paris, 11 April 2022).

10- Fache E. 2022. Penser/panser l’environnement: Communautés autochtones et ‘gestion des ressources naturelles’, de l’Australie à Fidji. In: 29th Géo’rizon Workshop, Département Géographie & Aménagement, Université Savoie Mont Blanc (Chambéry, 13 April 2022).

11- Fache E. 2022. Ontologie relationnelle et friction avec la ‘gestion des ressources naturelles’ en Australie et à Fidji. In: Workshop ‘Gouverner la nature et les ressources. Mais quelle nature ?’ (Montpellier, 22 April 2022).

12- Breckwoldt A. 2022. Reefs and reef passages as connectors between species, spaces and disciplines. In: Workshop ‘Accounting for multiple natures: A political ecology perspective’ (Montpellier, 24 June 2022).

13- Kon Kam King J. 2022. Trac(k)ing fishe(r)s in the South Pacific: surveillances in and of a more than human ocean. In: Workshop ‘Accounting for multiple natures: A political ecology perspective’ (Montpellier, 24 June 2022).

14- Fache E. and P. Christie. 2022. Engaging communities in dialogue to understand ocean connectivity and improve ocean management. In: ZMT’s Social Science Department (SSD) Seminar (Bremen, 6 July 2022).

Posters

1- Karcher D., E. Fache and A. Breckwoldt. 2019. Poster “Fisheries management organizations and strategies at the regional and sub-regional levels in the South Pacific Ocean”. In: IMBeR Open Science Conference ‘Future Oceans2’ (Brest, France, 17-21 June 2019).

2- Carrière S., E. Fache and C. Sabinot. 2019. Poster “Les dessins d’enfants comme outil de recherche sur les représentations des pêcheries dans le Pacifique Sud”. In: MUSE Conference “Art for Science! Unlocking Art power for Science & Research” (Montpellier, France, 27-28 September 2019).

3- Breckwoldt A., P. Lopes, S. Selim, P. Nayak, I. van Putten, E. Fache, H. Govan, et al. 2020. Poster “Look who’s asking – Reflections on participatory and transdisciplinary research approaches and their societal relevance”. In: ZMT’s First Annual Conference (Bremen, Germany, 14 January 2020).

4- Fache E., S. Carrière and C. Sabinot. 2020. Poster “SOCPacific’s transdisciplinary research protocol based on children’s drawings”. In: ZMT’s First Annual Conference (Bremen, Germany, 14 January 2020).

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